A study of Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s “YASUKICHIMONO”
|關鍵字:||海軍機關學校;英語教官;關東大震災;社會主義;軍備擴張;私小;虛構;告白;自畫像;Japanese navy organ school;English drillmaster;the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake;socialism;the expansion of Japanese navy’s armament during World War I;“Ich-Roman”(a form of private novel that popular in Japanese literature);fiction;confession;self-portrait||公開日期:||2007||摘要:||所謂「保吉物」，是指芥川龍之介以「堀川保吉」為作中主角進行書寫的一系列作品群。更進一步詳加定義的話，構成「保吉物」的主要背景是芥川龍之介大正五(1916)年至大正八(1919)年於橫須賀海軍機關學校擔任英語教官的體驗，而保吉物當中的內容則多以此一時期為題材。與芥川龍之介著名的歷史小說「羅生門」(1915)、「鼻」(1916)等作品相比，此一作品群雖受關注程度較低，然其對於第一次世界大戰時期日本海軍軍備擴張、社會主義思潮、關東大震災等時事均有相當程度的反映，可謂芥川龍之介小說當中特異的存在。
“YASUKICHIMONO” means a series of novel that “Horikawa Yasukichi” plays the leading role written by Ryunosuke Akutagawa. Furthermore, these novels are mainly referring to his experience of being an English drillmaster in Japanese navy organ school in Yokosuka from 1916 to 1919. Comparing with Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s well-known historical novel "RASHOMON" (1915),"HANA (the nose)" (1916) and so on, although this series didn’t receive high attention as them, we can recognize Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s opinion about the expansion of Japanese navy’s armament during World War I, the ideological trend of socialism, the influence of the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake and so on. It may be said that “YASUKICHIMONO” plays an unusual role in Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s literature. From the time"YASUKICHIMONO" published in 1923, it was regarded as “Ich-Roman” (a form of private novel that popular in Japanese literature), and researchers concern "YASUKICHIMONO" as the reflection that Ryunosuke Akutagawa started to expose himself in his late era of writing. Ryunosuke Akutagawa resists private exposure in his writings as an exclusion of naturalism literature since the beginning of his literature works. If it is true that Ryunosuke Akutagawa compromise his principles on writing attitude to naturalism by "YASUKICHIMONO" which early researcher’s conclusion said, why did Ryunosuke Akutagawa carry a third person character "Horikawa Yasukichi" in his writing? This is an intensely interesting question that “YASUKICHIMONO” left. By thorough study of “YASUKICHIMONO " and works concerned in this paper, we can identify not only Ryunosuke Akutagawa’s attitude toward current affairs of 1910-20s, but also his change of writing stance. A change of aptitude in theme’s choice is occurred in “YASUKICHIMONO”. Ryunosuke Akutagawa tried to shift his writing theme from history to modern daily life, and show his contemplation to individual.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。