A Study on the Re-verbalization of Renyo-form Nouns Derived from Compound Verbs
|關鍵字:||連用形名詞;動名詞;sa變動詞;再動詞化;動作性;狀態性;renyo-form noun;verbal noun;sahen verb;re-verbalization;activity;stativity||公開日期:||2011||摘要:||「動名詞」係與「suru」複合即成為動詞之名詞，而「動名詞+suru」的形式則稱之為「sa變動詞」，通常是具有動作性、但不具有動詞形式之名詞會加上「suru」來進行動詞化；然而一部份的複合動詞派生的連用形名詞也觀察得到加上「suru」進行｢再動詞化｣的現象。本研究的目的在於探討複合動詞形及｢連用形名詞+suru｣的異同，同時也探究並歸納出何種複合動詞之連用形名詞能夠加上「suru」進行再動詞化。
In Japanese, verbal noun is a noun which can be verbalized by combining with the irregular verb ”suru” and the form ”verbal noun + suru” is called “sahen verb.” Generally, a noun with activity but has no verbal form can be verbalized by combining with “suru.” However, part of renyo-form nouns derived from compound verbs are also observed to have the identical way of term-transformation. The purpose of this study is to survey the similarities and differences between the compound verb and “renyo-form noun + suru”; moreover, I will consider and summarize which kind of compound verb can be transformed into “renyo-form noun + suru.” Though the phenomenon of renyo-form noun’s re-verbalization was mentioned in the previous literature, systematic and statistical research hasn’t been done for the present. Certainly, it’s unnecessary to verbalize the noun which is derived from verb, but there are more than 40 percent of compound verbs can be transformed into “renyo-form noun + suru” actually. Our findings are as follows: 1.Compared with compound verbs, the meaning of “renyo-form noun + suru” could be narrower. It appears that they are distinguished according to the range of usage. 2.Stative verbs, punctive verbs, non-volitional verbs and verbs represent the individual action cannot transform into “renyo-form noun + suru.” 3.The compound verbs which is able to transform into “renyo-form noun + suru” can also conform to the sentence pattern “renyo-form noun + wo + suru.” In other words, it may be inferred that “renyo-form noun + suru” is the form which is derived from “renyo-form noun + wo + suru” by syntactic incorporation.
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