A Study on “Bupposo”
|Keywords:||佛法僧;殺生關白;豐臣秀次;高野山;玉川;Bupposo;Sessyokanpaku;Toyotomi Hidetsugu;Mt. Koya;Tama River||Issue Date:||Dec-2005||Journal:||臺大日本語文研究||Journal Pages:||001-026||Abstract:||上田秋成的短篇小?集《雨月物語》分為五?五冊九篇，其中的第五篇〈佛法僧〉和首篇〈白峰〉以及最終篇〈貧福?〉，與其他?篇頗?其趣，除?怪?的情節之外，穿插極富知?性的?辯。就中又以〈佛法僧〉所包含的知?性最為豐富。本?文重點在於探討秋成在〈佛法僧〉中的創作意圖、創作手法以及作品的主題，試圖提出新的觀點。就篇名而言，秋成本人曾經前往高野山?拜，途中聽到三寶鳥（?法僧鳥）的叫聲，?下深刻的印象，顯然成為他撰寫本篇的原動?。在?怪現身的設定上，筆者認為秋成打破常?的因果關係設定手法，讓?者?下強?的印象，試圖提高表現效果。至於〈佛法僧〉特有的知?性內容，筆者認為和怪?性並?衝突，反而成為本篇的一大特色。在典據方面，筆者透過內容的比對，認定〈永州野廟記〉和〈小水灣天狐遺貽書〉也是本篇典據之一。 在結語中，本人認為〈佛法僧〉的主題在於強調：對活在現世的每個人而言，善?存在於一?之間，禍?有福，福?有禍，有時未必能完全倚靠宗教的??，最佳之道還是自?修?。
Ugetsu Monogatari, a short novel selection of Ueda Akinari, is divided into five volumes, five books and nine stories; among them, the fifth story “Bupposo,” the first one “Shiramine” and the last one “Hinpukuron” are much different from the others, woven with weird plot and knowledgeable debates, which are especially abundant in “Bupposo.” This dissertation emphasizes on discussing Akinari’s motivations, techniques and themes of creating “Bupposo.” The story title comes from Akinari’s personal experience of once hearing the Bupposo bird’s calling on his way to Mt. Koya, which left him a deep impression, is obviously the motive power of writing this story. In the setting of ghosts appearing, Akinari abandons the common techniques of cause and effect, trying to leave deeper impressions on the readers and aspirate the effects. The specific knowledgeable content in “Bupposo” is also quite matched with the weirdness of the story, and becomes a great characteristic of this story. Besides, by comparing and contrasting, I regard “Yon-Zhou- Ye-Miao-Ji” as one of the origins of this story. In the conclusion, I consider the theme of “Bupposo” emphasize the fact that: for everyone in this modern age, the best way is to be independent, not relying on religious powers.
|Appears in Collections:||日本語文學系|
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