|Title:||Maoa Interacts with the Aldh2 Gene in Anxiety-Depression Alcohol Dependence||Authors:||LEE, SHENG-YU
|Keywords:||Gene;Interaction;Alcohol Dependence;ALDH2;MAOA||Issue Date:||2010||Journal Volume:||v.34||Journal Issue:||n.7||Start page/Pages:||1212-1218||Source:||ALCOHOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH||Abstract:||
Background: Alcohol dependence is usually comorbid with anxiety disorder, depressive disorder, or both; this comorbidity may increase drinking behavior. We previously hypothesized that anxiety-depressive alcohol dependence (ANX /DEP ALC) was a genetically specific subtype of alcohol dependence. ANX/DEP ALC may be related to dopamine and serotonin, which are catalyzed by monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). The aim of this study was to determine whether the interaction between the MAOA and the ALDH2 genes is associated with ANX/DEP ALC. Methods: We recruited 383 Han Chinese men in Taiwan: 143 ANX /DEP ALC and 240 healthy controls. The diagnosis of ANX/DEP ALC (alcohol dependence with a past or current history of anxiety, depressive disorder, or both) was made using DSM-IV criteria. Genotypes of ALDH2 and MAOA-uVNTR ( variable number of tandem repeat located upstream) were determined using PCR-RFLP. Results: The ALDH2, but not the MAOA-uVNTR, polymorphism was associated with ANX/DEP ALC. After stratifying the MAOA-uVNTR polymorphism , we found a stronger association between the ALDH2*1/*2 and *2/*2 genotypes and the controls in the MAOA-uVNTR 4-repeat subgroup. Logistic regression significantly associated the interaction between ALDH2 and MAOA variants with ANX/DEP ALC. Conclusion: We conclude that the MAOA and ALDH 2 genes interact in ANX/DEP ALC. Although the MAOA gene alone is not associated with ANX /DEP ALC, we hypothesize that different variants of MAOA- uVNTR polymorphisms modify the protective effects of the ALDH2*2 allele on ANX/DEP ALC in Han Chinese in Taiwan.
|Appears in Collections:||公共衛生學系|
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