Dynamic Changes and Recovery of Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability under Different Work Shifts
|Keywords:||輪班;血壓;動態血壓監測;動態心電圖監測;心搏變異;Shift work;blood pressure;ambulatory blood pressure monitoring;ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring;heart rate variability||Issue Date:||2008||Abstract:||
背景 為發現不同輪班工作中之心臟壓力，我們研究年輕護士輪班工作中血壓及心搏變異之變化法 研究對象為16名年輕輪班之護士，對照組為6位正常班護士；在工作日與工作後休息日連續兩日接受動態心電圖與血壓之監測。果 線性混合效應統計顯示在睡眠與夜班、小夜班時，副交感神經控制會增加；在工作及輪班大小夜班後的睡眠中，副交感神經控制則會減少，血壓及交感神經控制則會增加，比白班睡眠偏高。輪班後隔日休假小夜班及白班狀況的血壓及心搏變異會回復至正常白班狀況，但輪大夜班則無法完全恢復（p<0.05）。收縮壓與舒張壓在睡眠中會明顯下降，在工作時會顯著上升與心臟交感神經調節增加及副交感神經控制降低時之狀態具相同情形。不同輪班護士在工作天與隔天之睡眠血壓下降/非下降狀態（dipper/nondipper）改變率分別為門診33%、大夜班44%、小夜班50%和白班38%；69 %輪班護士至少改變一次。論 年輕女護士輪班工作與心搏、血壓變異狀態有顯著相關。輪班時生理與心理壓力負擔，不僅於工作期間，輪大、小夜班後的睡眠中，輪大夜班之工作天，尤其顯著。年輕女護士輪班與睡眠血壓下降/非下降狀態有顯著相關，除大夜班外，輪班隔天之血壓皆會回復至正常白班狀況，大夜輪班之效應會持續到隔天休息日。我們建議測量血壓時應將輪班之狀況納入考量。
Dynamic Blood Pressure, Heart rate Variability Changes and Recovery under Different Work Shifts ackground To explore the effect of shift work on cardiac stress, we studied the heart rate variability (HRV) profiles and blood pressure (BP) change in young female nurses.Methods We recruited 16 young female nurses working rotating shifts and 6 working the regular day shift and gave each of them simultaneous and repeated 48-hour ambulatory electrocardiography and BP monitoring during their workdays and the following off-duty day.esults Using a linear mixed effect model, we found increased vagal autonomic control during sleep and on a night or an evening shift, and a decreased vagal autonomic control and increased BP at work, during sleep after a night or evening shift, and on the work day of a night shift. Cardiac sympathetic modulation showed reciprocal changes in the corresponding conditions (all P<.005). Blood pressure (BP) appeared to synchronize with the increased cardiac sympathetic modulation and decreased vagal modulation. The recovery of HRV and BP on the following off-duty day appeared incomplete after adjustment for other risk factors. The rates of change in dipper/nondipper status between work day and off-duty day were 33%, 44%, 50%, and 38% for nurses worked in outpatient clinic, night shift, evening shift, and day shift, respectively. We also found 69% of those working rotating shifts had at least changed once in dipper/nondipper status.onclusion The effects of rotating shifts on HRV and BP in young female nurses are significant not only at work but also on the day of a night shift, during sleep on days of a night shift or an evening shift, and the entire work day of a night shift. Shift work is significantly associated with BP and HRV and possibly dipper/nondipper status in young female nurses. We recommend that potential influence of shift work be considered when evaluating a person’s blood pressure. The residual effect of night shifts may carry over to the next off-duty day.
|Appears in Collections:||環境與職業健康科學研究所|
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