|Title:||Nurses' Knowledge and Management of Contaminated Needlesticks in a Medical Center
|Keywords:||污染性針扎;認知;處理||Issue Date:||1994||Journal Issue:||n.3||Start page/Pages:||15-24||Source:||勞工安全衛生研究季刊,v.2||Abstract:||
Nurses are at high risk of needlesticks, which can transmit AIDS(Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), syphilis, viral hepatitis B and C, etc., as reported in many studies. This study was conducted by questionnaire interview to all of the nurses in a medical center to determine the nurses' knowledge and management of contaminated needlesticks. 1026 (91.4%) of 1123 nurses responded, but 43 nurses who worked in education, administration, or central supply departments, and 35 directors of units were excluded because they usually did not work with needles. 27 nurses with incomplete questionnaires were also excluded. The result revealed 33.8 % nurses answered correctly about the kinds of diseases transmitted by contaminated needlesticks. Nurses at operation unit and with 1～4 years of working experience got a significantly lower score in knowledge. The higher the score she got, the more frequently would she use one hand technique to recap contaminated needles. 46.5% nurese were injuried by contaminated needles within the past one year, 72% of them did not treat themselves comprehensively and only 30 persons (7%) reported to the nosocomial infection control unit. The score of knowledge is positively associated with the score of management. We recommmend continuous educations of practicing nurses about comprehensive prevention and treatment of contaminated needlesticks should be advocated together with the establishment of a complete reporting system.#0478#
|Appears in Collections:||環境與職業健康科學研究所|
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