|Title:||Delayed Tear Clearance in Contact Lens Associated Papillary Conjunctivitis||Authors:||CHANG, CHEE-JEN||Keywords:||contact lens;fluorescence tear clearance test;giant papillary conjunctivitis;papillary conjunctivitis;tear clearance;OCULAR IRRITATION||Issue Date:||2001||Journal Volume:||v.22||Journal Issue:||n.4||Start page/Pages:||253-257||Source:||CURRENT EYE RESEARCH||Abstract:||
Purpose. To study the tear film clearance in contact lens associated papillary conjunctivitis patients.Methods. Fifty- eight daily-wear soft contact lens wearers completed a questionnaire regarding a survey of their contact lens usage and subjective symptoms. They were grouped according to the size of conjunctival papillae, namely PC1 with no papillae, PC2 with papillae of less than 0.3 mm, and PC3 with papillae of 0.3-1.0 mm in diameter. Tear film breakup time and fluorescein clearance tests were performed.Results. There was a median of 1, 2, and 3 subjective symptoms in PC1 , PC2, and PC3 groups respectively (p < 0.001). Patients with larger papillae on their upper tarsus had more subjective symptoms such as burning sensation, discharge, limbal injection, foreign body sensation and dryness sensation (p = 0.018, 0.001, 0.004, 0.005, and 0.036 respectively). They also had shorter tear film breakup time (p = 0.05), delayed tear clearance (p = 0.002) and more corneal neovascularization (p < 0.001). Patients having delayed tear clearance test tended to have more subjective symptoms (p = 0.004) and larger papillae on upper tarsus (p = 0 .002). However, neither the way the patients cleaned their contact lenses nor their enzyme cleaning frequency associated with the tear fluorescein clearance (p = 0.528 and 0.394, respectively). Meibomian gland dysfunction and corneal neovascularization did not correlate with the delayed tear clearance either (p = 0.111 and 0.717, respectively).Conclusions. Tear clearance in contact lens associated papillary conjunctivitis patients was delayed. We proposed that delayed tear clearance might increase the protein and inflammatory mediator concentrations in the tear film and contribute to the pathogenesis or aggravate the severity of contact lens associated papillary conjunctivitis .
|Appears in Collections:||臨床醫學研究所|
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