|Title:||The Clinical Implications of Hepatitis B Virus Genotype: Recent Advances||Authors:||LIN, CHIH-LIN
|Keywords:||chronic hepatitis B;cirrhosis;genotype;HBV viral mutation;hepatitis B virus HBV;hepatocellular carcinoma;interferon-based therapy||Issue Date:||2011||Journal Volume:||v.26||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||123-130||Source:||JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY||Abstract:||
Outcomes of chronic hepatitis B virus HBV infection are heterogeneous. Estimates of annual incidence of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma HCC are 2-10% and 1-3%, respectively. Several viral factors, including HBV genotype, viral load and specific viral mutations, have been associated with disease progression. Among these, HBV genotype is not only predictive of clinical outcomes but has also been associated with response to interferon treatment. Currently, at least 10 HBV genotypes and several subtypes have been identified; they have distinct geographic distribution. Acute infection with genotypes A and D results in higher rates of chronicity than genotypes B and C. Compared to genotype A and B cases, patients with genotypes C and D have lower rates of spontaneous hepatitis B e antigen HBeAg seroconversion; when this occurs, it tends to be delayed . HBV genotype C has a higher frequency of basal core promoter BCP A1762T/ G1764A mutation, pre-S deletion and is associated with higher viral load than genotype B. Similarly, genotype D has a higher prevalence of BCP A 1762T/ G1764A mutation than genotype A. These observations suggest important pathogenic differences between HBV genotypes. These may contribute to more severe liver disease, including cirrhosis and HCC with genotypes C and D HBV infection. In addition, genotype A and B patients have better responses to interferon-based therapy than genotypes C and D, but there are few consistent differences for direct HBV antivirals. In conclusion, genotyping of chronic HBV infections can help practicing physicians identify those at risk of disease progression and determine optimal anti-viral therapy.
|Appears in Collections:||臨床醫學研究所|
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