|Title:||Coping with the Stress before and after Heart Surgery--a Follow-up Study
|Issue Date:||1997||Journal Issue:||n.1||Start page/Pages:||53-61||Source:||慈濟醫學雜誌,v.9||Abstract:||
Heart surgery is a common treatment for patient with severe heart disease. However, it is also a stressful experience for patients undergoing this surgery. Patients use a lot of methods to cope with this situation. The purpose of this study was to understand the process that patients how to cope with heart surgery, and to investigate the characters that are correlated with coping behaviors. This is a descriptive and test -retest study. Forty subjects undergoing CABG or valve replacement surgery were interviewed with structured questionnaire prior to and after heart surgery. The study tool included basic characters and a coping behavior scale which was developed by the researchers. Results showed that heart surgery patients used 29.4 coping behaviors prior to surgery and 30.2 as well after surgery. "Trust doctor*s treatment", "face the fact", and " cooperation with doctors and nurses" at pre-operation, and "cooperation with doctors and nurses", "caring and support from family and friends", " sick role" and "trust doctor*s treatment" at post-operation were used most often for these patients during hospitalization. Problem-focused coping behaviors were used more often and with better effect than those of emotional-focused coping behaviors. Correlation analysis showed that patients who were younger, with high educational and occupational levels used more coping behaviors than the others, especially in problem- focused coping behaviors. Results of our study provides rich information in how patient cope with heart surgery and a guide to design stress management program for patient undergoing heart surgery.
|Appears in Collections:||護理學系所|
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