|Title:||A Comparative Study of Self Concept and Related Factors in Asthmatic and Healthy Schoolchildren
|Keywords:||asthmatic schoolchild;healthy schoolchild;self concept;parenting style||Issue Date:||2005||Journal Issue:||n.5||Start page/Pages:||331-338||Source:||慈濟醫學雜誌,v.17||Abstract:||
Objective: With a positive self concept, asthmatic schoolchildren are likely to accomplish self-management behaviors. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to investigate the self concept of school age children with and without asthma, and probe related factors. Materials and Methods: The subjects, 150 fourth to sixth graders of whom 50 were asthmatic and 100 were healthy, were purposively selected from a pediatric allergy outpatient clinic in a medical center in northern Taiwan. The research tools included a structured questionnaire, the "Self Concept Scale " and the "Parenting Style Scale". Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS for Windows/PC 10.0 software and StatXact-5 statistical software . Results: There was a significant difference between the self concept of asthmatic and healthy schoolchildren. Asthmatic children's overall self concept (p<0.01), self concept family subscale (p<0.05), and self concept physical subscale (p<0. 001) were lower than those of healthy children . Asthmatic children's limits in physical education class were significantly correlated with overall self concept, whereas the overall self concept was highest for children with full class attendance (p<0.05) and no shortness of breath after exercise (p<0.01). After modifying for the group effect, the parenting style and overall self concept were positively correlated (p<0. 001). Conclusions: These research results can serve as guidelines for medical care professionals, parents, and teachers, in caring for and teaching asthmatic and healthy schoolchild.
|Appears in Collections:||護理學系所|
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