|Title:||Functional Status and Its Related Factors in Residents of Long-Term Care Facilities in Taiwan
|Keywords:||Long-term care facility Balance Functional independence measure||Issue Date:||2004||Journal Issue:||n.4||Start page/Pages:||217-224||Source:||物理治療,v.29||Abstract:||
Background and purposes: Falls and functional disability are common problems among residents in long-term care facilities (LTCF). The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and balance ability of residents in 112 LTCF in Taiwan were assessed, and factors influencing the functional independence were investigated. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of residents in 112 licensed LTCF in Taiwan was carried out using stratified sampling method. Twenty-four physical therapists interviewed the randomly selected 437 residents in nursing homes (NH) and intermediate care facilities (ICF). The FIM and subset of Berg balance score were measured. Results: The FIM score of all participants (N = 437) was 76.42 ± 40.34, and the balance score was 14.05± 13.18. The stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated that the factors influencing the FIM scores in LTCF included balance (p < 0.001), location and ownership of facility (p < 0.0l ), type of facility and marital status (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Multiple factors contribute to the functional independence of residents in long- term care facilities. Balance score is one of the important factors that affects the functional independence.
|Appears in Collections:||物理治療學系所|
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