|Title:||Effects of Task Goal and Personal Preference on Seated Reaching Kinematics after Stroke||Authors:||WU, CHING-YI
LIN, KEH- CHUNG
|Keywords:||hemplegia;motor activity;neglect;rehabilitation||Issue Date:||2001||Journal Volume:||v.32||Journal Issue:||n.1||Start page/Pages:||70-76||Source:||STROKE||Abstract:||
Background and Purpose-Current theories of motor control in rehabilitation focus on how the nervous system responds to many types of external and internal constraints to execute motor behavior to accomplish a task. However, the dynamic interplay between these 2 constraints remains unclear. This study examined the impact of some aspects of internal and external constraints an motor performance in persons with stroke. Methods- Twenty-seven persons with stroke used the uninvolved arms to perform an upper-extremity reaching task under 4 experimental conditions, formed by the crossing of functional goals and personal preferences. For the higher level of a functional goal, subjects took a drink from a can of beverage. For the lower level of a functional goal, subjects brought the can to the mouth without drinking. The level of personal preferences was determined; by interview, by the degree of predilection for particular beverages. Results-Significant and large effects of functional goals and personal preference were found in the variables of movement time and reaction time. However, the data trend of the 4 testing conditions varied according to presence of visuospatial neglect and side of lesion. Conclusions- Offering choices for the treatment activities and incorporating functional goals to therapeutic tasks might enhance response rate or movement efficiency, depending on the side of the lesion and presence of visuospatial neglect. The findings suggest that the consideration of the neglect phenomenon is a necessity when rehabilitative treatment planning incorporates constraint factors.
|Appears in Collections:||職能治療學系|
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