Genetic Knowledge, Attitude and Educational Needs of Clinical Nurses of a Hospital in Central Taiwan
|Keywords:||臨床護理人員;知識;態度;在職教育需求;遺傳學;clinical nurses;knowledge;attitude;on-the-job educational needs;genetics||Issue Date:||2005||Abstract:||
The purpose of this research was to determine the genetic knowledge, attitude, and needs for genetic education among clinical nurses. A cross-sectional study was conducted via self-structured questionnaires . Five hundred and eighty-three questionnaires were returned (73.33%). Significant results were as follows:
1. The genetic knowledge among clinical nurses was poor. The average score of genetic knowledge regarding“ cancer variation and risk assessment＂was the highest；those regarding“ inheritance pattern of common genetic disorder＂was the lowest. The demographic characteristics of clinic nurses, such as highest level of education, age, years of graduation from nursing school, working years in clinic nursing, clinical work experience, service unit, completion of education and training in genetics, and the route of getting genetic knowledge, were all associated with genetic knowledge.
2. The genetic attitude of the clinical nurses was positive. The factors associated with the genetic attitude were marital status, investiture, whether the patient and his relatives have genetic diseases or not, clinical work experience, completion of education and training in genetics, the source of information about genetic knowledge.
3. The clinical nurses’ needs for on-the-job training were high. For the time being, the most desirable courses are mainly the related courses of traditional nursing genetics. It is hoped that the face-to-face teaching methods are adopted. The factors associated with educational needs were the service unit and the source of getting genetic knowledge.
4. There was positive association among genetic knowledge, attitude and educational needs.
According to the research results above, the following suggestions are given:
(1) improve the faculty’s genetic professional knowledge in the clinical field
(2) periodically hold the on-the-job education and training on genetics
(3) provide the multiple on-the-job training programs
(4) establish and link the related resource network in genetic education
(5) encourage the units to develop the on-the-job training programs in related genetics
(6) actively and cooperatively increase the on-the-job training programs with the related units
Key words: clinical nurses, knowledge, attitude, on-the-job educational needs, genetics
|Appears in Collections:||分子醫學研究所|
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