The Effect of Maternal Rearing Practice on Temperament and Dietary Control in Children with Phenylketonuria
|Keywords:||苯酮尿症;母親教養態度;氣質;Phenylketonuria;maternal rearing practice;temperament||Issue Date:||2008||Abstract:||
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the maternal rearing practice on the temperament and dietary control in children with phenylketonuria. tudy subjects consisted of 42 mothers of children with phenylketonuria. They were all recruited by purposive sampling. The data were collected in the form of questionnaires, including: (1) the demographic data of the children and mother, (2) the condition of dietary control, (3) the maternal rearing practice scale, and (4) the children temperament scale. he major findings of the study are as follows:. The maternal rearing practice was significantly different for the types of the disease, age groups of the children, and the mother''s economic and social status. The children temperament was significantly different for the types of the disease, the age groups of the children, the birth order of the children, and the mother''s economic and social status.. There was a positive correlation between children’s approach/withdrawal temperament and maternal permissive rearing practice. There were positive correlations between children’s activity level, regularity, approach/withdrawal and distractibility temperaments and maternal democratic rearing practice.. The intelligence development of PKU children was related to the satisfaction toward physical development, the preparation of low-protein diet, maternal democratic rearing practice, and children’s temperament including activity level, quality of mood, persistence. And the satisfaction toward physical development, types of the disease, and children’s activity level and persistence temperament were predictors of the intelligence development of PKU children.. For dietary control type PKU children, the phenylalanine were related to whether mother was primary caregiver, the satisfaction toward the physical development, the behavior of diet control, the diet record, the initial phenylalanine level, children’s age, and children’s intensity of reaction and threshold of responsiveness temperament. The initial phenylalanine level and whether mother was the primary caregiver were predictors for the phenylalanine of PKU children.
|Appears in Collections:||分子醫學研究所|
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