|Title:||Dapk Activates Mark1/2 to Regulate Microtubule Assembly, Neuronal Differentiation, and Tau Toxicity||Authors:||Wu, P-R
|Keywords:||DAPK;MARK/PAR-1;tau phosphorylation;neurodegeneration;microtubules||Issue Date:||2011||Start page/Pages:||1507-1520||Source:||Cell Death and Differentiation||Abstract:||
Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a key player in several modes of neuronal death/injury and has been implicated in the late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). DAPK promotes cell death partly through its effect on regulating actin cytoskeletons. In this study, we report that DAPK inhibits microtubule (MT) assembly by activating MARK/PAR-1 family kinases MARK1/2, which destabilize MT by phosphorylating tau and related MAP2/4. DAPK death domain, but not catalytic activity, is responsible for this activation by binding to MARK1/2 spacer region, thereby disrupting an intramolecular interaction that inhibits MARK1 /2. Accordingly, DAPK(-/-) mice brain displays a reduction of tau phosphorylation and DAPK enhances the effect of MARK2 on regulating polarized neurite outgrowth. Using a well- characterized Drosophila model of tauopathy, we show that DAPK exerts an effect in part through MARK Drosophila ortholog PAR-1 to induce rough eye and loss of photoreceptor neurons. Furthermore, DAPK enhances tau toxicity through a PAR-1 phosphorylation-dependent mechanism. Together , our study reveals a novel mechanism of MARK activation, uncovers DAPK functions in modulating MT assembly and neuronal differentiation, and provides a molecular link of DAPK to tau phosphorylation, an event associated with AD pathology.
|Appears in Collections:||分子醫學研究所|
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