|Title:||Deltex1 Is a Target of the Transcription Factor Nfat That Promotes T Cell Anergy||Authors:||Hsiao, Huey-Wen
|Issue Date:||2009||Start page/Pages:||72-83||Source:||Immunity||Abstract:||
The molecular process underlying T cell anergy is incompletely understood . Deltex1 (DTX1) is a Notch target with unknown physiological function. Here we show that Dtx1 was a transcription target of nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and participated in T cell anergy. DTX1 protein was upregulated during T cell anergy, and transgenic expression of Dtx1 attenuated T cell activation. DTX1 inhibited T cell activation by both E3- dependent and E3- independent mechanisms. In addition, DTX1 suppressed T cell activation in the absence of its Notch-binding domain. Importantly, DTX1 regulated the expression of two anergy- associated molecules, growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible 45 beta (Gadd45 beta) and Cbl-b. DTX1 interacted with early growth response 2 (Egr-2) for optimum expression of Cbl-b. Furthermore, deficiency of DTX1 augmented T cell activation, conferred resistance to anergy induction, enhanced autoantibody generation , and increased inflammation. DTX1 therefore represents a component downstream of calcium-NFAT signaling that regulates T cell anergy.
|Appears in Collections:||免疫學研究所|
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