|Title:||Novel Foxp3(-) IL-10(-) Regulatory T-cells Induced by B-Cells Alleviate Intestinal Inflammation in Vivo||Authors:||Shao, Tzu-Yu
|Issue Date:||2016||Journal Issue:||6||Start page/Pages:||-||Source:||Sci Rep||Abstract:||
Recent studies have revealed various Foxp3(-) regulatory T (Treg) cell subsets effectively protect mice from colitis. In the present study, we demonstrated that B cells induced a particular subset of regulatory T (Treg-of-B) cells, expressing programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), inducible costimulator (ICOS), lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (LAG3), glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor (GITR), and OX-40, did not express Foxp3. Treg-of-B cells produced abundant levels of IL-10 and low levels of IL-4 and TGF-beta. Adoptive transfer of Treg-of-B cells protected mice from CD4(+) CD45RB(hi) T-cell-induced colitis, including infiltration of leukocytes, depletion of goblet cells, epithelial hyperplasia, and inhibition of Th1 and Th17 cytokines. These features were similar to IL-10-producing type 1 regulatory T (Tr1) cells; however, IL-10-deficient Treg-of-B cells maintained their suppressive function in vitro as well as in vivo, while the regulation of Tr1 cells depended on IL-10. In conclusion, Treg-of-B cells protected against experimental colitis through an IL-10-independent mechanism. We reported a novel subpopulation of regulatory T cells was different from conventional Foxp3(+) Treg and IL-10-producing Tr1 cells.
|Appears in Collections:||免疫學研究所|
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