An Analysis of Homicide Patterns and Trends in Taipei Area Based on Judicial Post-mortem Examinations
在現代資訊發達和民主自由的社會，人類犯罪行為中最嚴重的是剝奪他人自由和生存權利，也是人類犯罪行中最為嚴重的一項。而且人民對社會治安的焦點，往往都會放在兇殘的他殺案件(例如: 八里富商夫婦命案等)，如何防範和偵查也是人民對社會治安信任的指標。目前在台灣雖然對他殺死亡相關案件有所記錄，但深入分析和探討的研究極為少數，他殺相關分析資料也極為欠缺(例如: 性別、地區、年齡及他殺方式的長期趨勢等)，因此其他相關的研究也無法對他殺案件分析透徹。所以分析和探討他殺案件，並找出其相關聯的因子，是值得在他殺案件偵辨方面，且有相關聯的法醫人員更進一步探討研究。本研究以台灣都市化和人口密度較高的大台北地區為探討對象。
In today’s society, technology is booming, in which democracy and freedom is fully practiced; one of the worst crimes is to deprive other people of their freedom and right to live. As far as social security is concerned, most people put emphasis on brutal homicide cases, such as the New Taipei City’s Bali double-homicide case. Therefore, prevention of and investigation into such crimes are indicators that of showing to which extent such people are satisfied with the social order maintained by government.Though there have been records documenting the homicide cases in Taiwan,at present,however, little research has been conducted into analyzing and studying them in depth, let alone the analysis on gender, region, age, methods of killing, long-term trend of homicide, etc. As a result, the lack of research hinders other relevant studies from investigating homicide cases thoroughly. The homicide cases in Taiwan, therefore, deserve further analysis, discussion, and exploration of factors, which can provide forensic professional with smooth investigation. This paper focuses on the Taipei City area, which is highly modernized and densely populated.
This paper reviews and studies homicide cases recorded in the District Prosecutor’s Offices in both Taipei City, and New Taipei City from 2001 to 2010. The research analyzes the correlation amongst gender, age, time (by year), methods of killing, occupation, and crime scene location. The paper will and also investigate the background of these cases.
Each year in Taipei City and New Taipei City, there were 65 cases of homicide on average, and the year that had the most cases, was year in 2001 numbering 83 victims. Most of the male victims were between at age 46 to 50 years old, while many female victims being younger than 15. The weapons used that were most commonly used in those criminal offenses (237 cases accounting for 36.1%) were sharp tools, followed by blunt tools in 205 cases (accounting for 31.2%). The results from the data analysis might provide a helping hand in the investigation of homicide cases, as well as providing a furthermore explanation of why the offenses happened. In doing so, it may be able to prevent the occurrence of such crimes in the future and reinforce social security.
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