|Title:||Interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) mediates epilepsy-induced sleep disruption||Authors:||Huang, Tzu-Rung
|Keywords:||Amygdala;Epilepsy;IL-1 receptor;Kindling;Sleep||Issue Date:||2016||Source:||BMC Neuroscience||Start page/Pages:||74||Abstract:||
Background: Sleep disruptions are common in epilepsy patients. Our previous study demonstrates that homeostatic factors and circadian rhythm may mediate epilepsy-induced sleep disturbances when epilepsy occurs at different zeitgeber hours. The proinflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1 (IL-1), is a somnogenic cytokine and may also be involved in epileptogenesis; however, few studies emphasize the effect of IL-1 in epilepsy-induced sleep disruption. We herein hypothesized that IL-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1R1) mediates the pathogenesis of epilepsy and epilepsyinduced sleep disturbances. We determined the role of IL-1R1 by using IL-1R1 knockout (IL-1R1 -/-KO) mice.
Results: Our results elucidated the decrease of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep during the light period in IL-1R -/-mice and confirmed the somnogenic role of IL-1R1. Rapid electrical amygdala kindling was performed to induce epilepsy at the particular zeitgeber time (ZT) point, ZT13. Our results demonstrated that seizure thresholds induced by kindling stimuli, such as the after-discharge threshold and successful kindling rates, were not altered in IL-1R -/-mice when compared to those obtained from the wildtype mice (IL-1R +/+ mice). This result suggests that IL-1R1 is not involved in kindling-induced epileptogenesis. During sleep, ZT13 kindling stimulation significantly enhanced NREM sleep during the subsequent 6 h (ZT13-18) in wildtype mice, and sleep returned to the baseline the following day. However, the kindling-induced sleep alteration was absent in the IL-1R -/-KO mice.
Conclusions: These results indicate that the IL-1 signal mediates epilepsy-induced sleep disturbance, but dose not participate in kindling-induced epileptogenesis.
|Appears in Collections:||腦與心智科學研究所|
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