Study of Biological Functions of AEG-1/LYRIC in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
|Keywords:||Astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1);頭頸部鱗狀細胞癌 (HNSCC);轉移;基質金屬蛋白酶1 (MMP1);p65||Issue Date:||2014||Abstract:||
背景：雖然近年來癌症治療方式有長足進步，晚期頭頸部鱗狀細胞癌之存活率依舊不佳。近年研究顯示，astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1)此一單次穿膜蛋白雖無任何已知之功能區段，但仍在多種人類癌症中高度表現並與轉移發生及較差之存活率相關。
Background: The survival rate of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) at advanced stage is poor, despite contemporary advances in treatment modalities. Recent studies have indicated that astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1), a single transmembrane protein without any known functional domains, is overexpressed in various malignancies and is implicated in both distant metastasis and poor survival.
Results: High expression of AEG-1 in HNSCC was positively correlated with regional lymph node metastasis and a poor 5-year survival rate. Knockdown of AEG-1 in HNSCC cell lines reduced their capacity for colony formation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, decreased tumor volume and metastatic foci were observed after knockdown of AEG-1 in subcutaneous xenografts and pulmonary metastasis assays in vivo, respectively. We also demonstrated that AEG-1 increased phosphorylation of the p65 subunit of NF-κB, and regulated the expression of MMP1 in HNSCC cells. Moreover, compromised phosphorylation of the p65 (RelA) subunit of NF-κB at serine 536 was observed upon silencing of AEG-1 in HNSCC cell lines and the expression status of AEG-1, phosphorylated p65 and MMP1 are mutually correlated in clinical specimens.
Conclusion: High expression of AEG-1 is associated with lymph node metastasis and is a negative prognostic parameter for clinical outcome in HNSCC.
Keywords: Astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1), head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), metastasis, matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP1), p65
|Appears in Collections:||臨床牙醫學研究所|
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