|Title:||Dual delivery of PDGF and simvastatin to accelerate periodontal regeneration in vivo||Authors:||Chang, Po-Chun
Dovban, Alex S.
Lim, Lum Peng
Chong, Li Yen
Kuo, Mark Y.
|Keywords:||Periodontium;Bone regeneration;Polylactic acid;Growth factors||Issue Date:||2013||Journal Volume:||34||Journal Issue:||38||Start page/Pages:||9990-9997||Source:||Biomaterials||Abstract:||
The emphasis on periodontal regeneration has been shifted towards the harmonization of bioactive molecules and physiological phases during regeneration. This study investigated whether the combination and sequential-release of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF, mitogen) and simvastatin (differentiation factor) facilitated periodontal regeneration. PDGF and simvastatin were encapsulated in double-walled poly-(D,L-lactide) and poly-(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PDLLA-PLGA) microspheres using the co-axial electrohydrodynamic atomization technique. Critical-sized periodontal defects on rat maxillae were filled with microspheres encapsulating BSA-in-core-shell (BB), PDGF-in-shell (XP), simvastatin-in-core and BSA-in-shell (SB), simvastatin-in-core and PDGF-in-shell, or unfilled with microspheres (XX), and examined at 14 and 28 days post-operatively. The resultant microspheres were around 15 pm diameter with distinct core shell structure, and the fast-release of PDGF followed by slow-release of simvastatin was noted in the SP group. The SP group demonstrated significantly greater bone volume fraction and decreased trabecular separation compared to the XX group at day 14, and milder inflammatory cells infiltration and elevated tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase level were noted at day 28. Fibers were also well-aligned and obliquely inserted onto the root surface similar to native periodontal ligament with signs of cementogenesis in the SP group. In conclusion, the combination and sequential-release of PDGF-simvastatin accelerates the regeneration of the periodontal apparatus. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||臨床牙醫學研究所|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.