|Title:||The Association between Thiazolidinediones and Hospitalisation for Fracture in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Taiwanese Population-Based Nested Case-Control Study||Authors:||HSIAO, SHARON FEI-YUAN
|Keywords:||Case-control study;Fracture;Thiazolidinediones;Type 2 diabetes mellitus;TZDs||Issue Date:||2010||Journal Volume:||v.53||Journal Issue:||n.3||Start page/Pages:||489-496||Source:||DIABETOLOGIA||Abstract:||
Evidence from the USA has emerged that thiazolidinediones may have a negative effect on the skeleton and increase the risk of fracture, but the association between thiazolidinediones use and fractures has not been evaluated in an Asian population. Using the 2000-2005 Taiwan National Health Insurance claims database, this Taiwanese population- based nested case-control study explored the association between thiazolidinediones use and hospitalisation for bone fracture in type 2 diabetic patients. In the study cohort of type 2 diabetic patients, we identified 18,003 patients with fracture and 90,015 matched controls. Multivariable conditional logistic regressions were used to estimate the association between exposure to thiazolidinediones and fractures. Duration of thiazolidinediones use was defined on the basis of cumulative days of exposure to thiazolidinediones during the year prior to the index date, i. e. < 30 days, 30 to 180 days and > 180 days. More type 2 diabetic patients with fractures than controls used thiazolidinediones (fractures 5.99% vs control 4.06%). Thiazolidinediones use was associated with hospitalisation for fracture and the association was stronger with longer term exposure to thiazolidinediones (< 30 days OR 1.32 [95% CI 1.09-1.54], p = 0.005; 30 -180 days 1.42 [1.24-1.62], p < 0.0001; and > 180 days 1.54 [1.37-1.74], p < 0.0001). This dose-response relationship was significantly evident in women (< 30 days, 1.20 [0.93-1.55], p = 0.17; 30-180 days, 1 .57 [1.32-1. 86], p < 0.0001; and > 180 days, 1.76 [1.52-2.04 ], p < 0.0001), but not in men. Long-term exposure of type 2 diabetic patients to thiazolidinediones was associated with higher odds of fractures among women without a significant increase in odds of fractures among men.
|Appears in Collections:||臨床藥學研究所|
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