Meditating the Connection Between Heaven/ Cosmos and Man：An Inquiry into the Neo-Confucian Thought of Xue Xuan
|Keywords:||薛敬軒;明代;理學;朱子學;生命哲學;理氣;心性;工夫;Xue Xuan;Ming Dynasty;Neo-Confucianism;Life Philosophy;Li Qi;Xin Xing;Gongfu||Issue Date:||2007||Abstract:||
Xue Xuan (1389-1464) is one of the famous scholars in Cheng-Zhu School in early Ming Dynasty. His thinking not only more thoroughly inherited the theory of the Five Masters of the Northern Song and Zhu Xi , but also incarnated different styles while his work also accommodated fashion trends in the age. He established He Dong School , also casting great influences on the study style in early Ming Dynasty. When there are still limited study results in today’s academia, this study tries to catch the core spirit and thinking logic of Xue’s conduct and learning by“searching for life forms”and “exploring the threads of thoughts”. Also by“developing philosophic system”and “dressing threads of the intellectual history”, this study, on one way, draws the outline of Xue’s theory structure as far as possible, and on the other, finds a proper position in the dynamic intellectual history to carve out the significance and value of Xue’s study.
In Chapter One“Introduction”, the study first states the study motives and subjects, and briefly introduces each structural item in this thesis, from thoughts to conduct this research, methods, the structure and limitations in turn. In Chapter Two“Xue Xuan’s Conduct and His Learning”, the study then analyses it from aspects of Xue’s personality, learning origin and inheritance, reasons to do scholarly research and ultimate concern. It is hoped to have a decent and accurate understanding on his personality and knowledge in terms of his overall spirit, before Xue’s thinking has been brought out for a more detailed discussion and analysis.
In Chapter Three“Xue Xuan’s Theory of Heavenly Way”, Chapter Four“Xue Xuan’s Theory of the Relationship between Heaven and Man and Theory of Mind and Nature”and Chapter Five“Xue Xuan’s Theory of Moral Effert and its Practice”, this study elaborates all segments in Xue’s thinking to have a more detailed analysis and explanation on his thinking system and implications. From here we can see how Xue Xuan absorbed and inherited important concepts in Neo-Confucianism in Song Dynasty, how he made up and developed the deficiency in Zhu Xi’s Study and also how he integrated theories of the Five Masters of the Northern Song and Zhu Xi to show his own unique style in terms of human life’s prospect.
Chapter Six“The Position of Xue Xuan’s Thinking in the History of Neo-Confucianism”, based on previous discussion,expands the view to the Neo-Confucianism Development History during Song and Ming Dynasty, trying to appropriately position Xue Xuan’s Study. At first, new phraseology“The tradition to view Principle”and “The tradition to view Original Mind”are created to sum up the two major Gongfu forms presented by Neo-Confucianism Scholars in Song-Ming Dynasties and to discuss the role of Xue’s theory in the two mainstreams at the time. Then, from the aspect of the intellectual history, this study analyzes and views the actual situation after Zhu Xi’s study was presented to be the authorized learning, so as to highlight the mission of Xue’s time and the meaning of his study in intellectual history .
Chapter Seven“Conclusion”briefly summarizes this study, draws the view back to researcher’s living year and addresses his own opinion and thinking.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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