The Construction and Its Development of Concepts of Neo-Confucianism: A Study of Ch'en Ch'un’s Pei-hsi tzu-i
Lin, Chia Ching
|Keywords:||陳淳;北溪字義;朱熹;南宋;理學;性理之學;Ch’en Ch’un;Pei-hsi tzu-i;Chu Hsi;Southern Song;Neo-Confucianism;hsing-li-hsueh||Issue Date:||2007||Abstract:||
Chu Hsi was the important Neo-Congfucianism Master of the Southern Song Dynasty. As one of the students of old age Chu Hsi, Ch’en Ch’un only saw Chu Hsi personally twice in his life, but he finally had inherited in a direct line from his teacher. Among Chu Hsi’s disciples, Ch’en Ch’un wrote his dictionary or glossary in order to give a clear explanation of the disputed points about the terminology of Chu Hsi’s philosophy.
On account of Chu Hsi’s influence, His school prevailed in Sounthern Song Dynasty. Ch’en Ch’un, Chu Hsi’s successors played an important role in it. He not only developed his teacher’s thoughts, but also safeguarded it. He gave lectures and defended against such philosophers as Lu Chiu-yuan disciples, so he promoted Chu Hsi’s educational thoughts such as “Seek the original reason推究道理根原”, “My studies lie low, and my penetration rises high下學上達”, “Pursuing scholarship of Neo-Confucianism道問學”.
Ch’en Ch’un has brought forth quite a few innovations in concepts of Chu Hsi’s philosophy. From his series of theses “Principle and material force flock together, and hard to say which precedes”, “Hsing性is the principle of hsin心; Ch’ing情is the function of the hsin心; Hsin心is the director of ch’ing情and hsing性“, “Yin陰and yang陽are just the fluctuations of ch’i氣; one advance, one contraction, one dispersion, and one extension.” This paper expounds the explaining and amplying to Chu Hsi’s thought and the chief characteristics of Neo-Confucian of Ch’en Ch’un’s. Moreover, it brings to light his great contributions to terminology in the field of. Chu Hsi’s philosophy.
Confucian education had undergone high development period in Song and Yuan Dynasties. Chu Hsi school education was the most representative and developed than any other schools. Chu Hsi’s disciples transmited their teacher’s hsing-li-hsueh through primary education. A typical teaching material was Ch’en Ch’un’s Pei-hsi tzu-i. His work gained profound attention at that time and was commonly called “Hsing-li Beginners guide”. To diferrent degree, both private and official educationion Ming and Ching Dynasties was impacted by Ch'en Ch'un's work. Since Chu Hsi school’s Neo-Confucian became the imperial examination, more and more examinations books of hsing-li were published. Obviously, Ch'en Ch'un's Pei-hsi tzu-i pioneer discussed model and writing style for hsing-li-hsueh性理學.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.