A Preliminary Study of the Chinese Literary Education and its Related Issues in National Taiwan University from 1945 to 1960
|Keywords:||戰後初期;五○年代;臺灣大學;語文教育;文學教育;中文系;early Post-War Era;National Taiwan University;Chinese Literary Education;Department of Chinese Literature||Issue Date:||2007||Abstract:||
National Taiwan University (predecessor was Taipei Empire University) is an important tertiary institute in Taiwan. It includes rich historical culture and tradition. Especially after the retrocession of Taiwan in 1945, National Taiwan University had faced the impacts and challenges of culture, literature, language and education. However, most of the studies on National Taiwan University focused on the discovery of the developing process of history, characteristics of the achievement of some departments, or primary study of recreational activities of students, and the discussion in depth of the college writers and publications. The above achievements are excellent. However, we can only see the fundamental appearance of philology education and college culture, and are only able to look into the sources, steps, methods and changes of implementation of education. From the rare historical source of National Taiwan University, it is expected to understand how the philology education center of the representative National Taiwan University had established a cultural and literary environment, which has been different from the past in this climacteric. This thesis is to reach the objective mentioned above based on the previous studies. The approach of this article is to select the courses, teaching materials and the major themes of the teachers from 1945 - 1960 philology education of National Taiwan University, and is attempted to propose the explanation. The situation of primary establishment and changes of 1945-1960 philology education of National Taiwan University will be attempted to present. Besides, the relationship between the college education and social culture will be shown. From the overall narration of the themes, the new discovered historical materials and the rearranged of the scattered materials, it is expected to start the new direction of research. Moreover, the college culture, college courses and all levels of culture will be merged. Furthermore, the value and position of philology education of National Taiwan University in the turning point of history will further be reflected.
The chapters of this thesis are as follows. Firstly, Chapter 1 <Introduction> describes the motivation and objective of study, scope and direction of study, literatures review and the structure of thesis. In Chapter 2 <Implementation Background Summary of Philology Education> will discuss the implementation background from external environment and internal development. The external environment explains the expectation of philology education under the guidance of policy in the culture and education environment of Taiwan after World War II, 50s to early of 60s. At the same time, it will review how the literature education enters the course of Department of Chinese in modern tertiary education after the western culture affects orient gradually. In Chapter 3 <The Philology Education of Whole College: Idea and Implementation> includes four sections. It includes theoretical aspect established by spirit tradition, open-up of the new cultural space, changes of the college year one Chinese teaching material, and college literature publication. The implementation approach of "Teaching", "Teaching Materials" and "Students" will be discussed, and the 1945-1960 college literature and the appearance of cultural atmosphere will be outlined. Chapter 4 <The Changes and Characteristics of Philology Course of Department of Chinese> will start the discussion based on the Department of Chinese as the core. Firstly, the predecessor of Department of Chinese Literature will be studied. It is relevant to the establishment of the Oriental Literature Seminar of Department of Literature of Taipei Empire University. From this reference, it is expected to study the continuation and breaking between Department of Chinese Literature and Oriental Literature Seminar. Besides, according to the school timetable from the historical material, the establishment of Department of Chinese in 50s will be studied, and the characteristics of the course development in different stages will be summarized further. Chapter 5 <The Cultural Practice and Social Participation of Teachers and Students of Department of Chinese> regards the teachers and students of Department of Chinese as the center to extend from the college to the society outside, and the different expression of selfhood and social culture practice will be studied. These include the change of posture of intellectuals coming to Taiwan and their self-adjustment. In addition, it will study how the intellectuals published publications and magazines, and promoted social cultural undertakes besides their educational positions. They spread the professional knowledge, academic thought, cultural attention as well as the cultural education value to the public extensively.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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