The Recluse Thoughts and Spatial Dialogue in the Poems and Paintings of Shen Zhou（1427－1509）
|Keywords:||沈周;石田;吳門畫派;隱逸;有竹居;夜坐圖;Shen Zhou;Field of Stones;Wu-Men Painting Sect;Recluse;YouZhuJ?YieZuoTu||Issue Date:||2011||Abstract:||
Shen Zhou, the representative literati of the early Ming Dynasty in Wu-Zhong area, had many identities. He was not only the most important character of Wu-Men Painting Sect, and also a hermit. I referred to his literary works like “ShiTianXianShengJi”, “ShiTianGao”, “ShiTianShiXüan”, and his families'' materials in history, to re-inspection his secluded reason. I pointed out that the formative factor of the secluded tradition in Shen Zhou''s families could be traced back to the hard political state of affairs during the dynastic changes from Yüan to Ming. Besides, it would also connect with the “Fishing secluding” fashions in the family branch called “HuaXiShen” in Wu-Xing area.
Although Shen Zhou secluded in Xiang-Cheng village for a long while, he still concerned with politics. Because of frequent contacts with other literates, Shen Zhou was allowed to express his standpoints to those friends in the government by paintings or poems. Passing through this way, Shen Zhou played a part in the government. I was of the opinion that he expected an incorruptible government which was friendly to people, and this showed he was deeply influenced by the Confucians.
In research method, I used more literary material to explain the backgrounds and inner meanings of Shen Zhou''s paintings. There would be some different from most related researches in past, because they often analyzed his works by painting skills and styles. In this essay, I generalized some space characteristics by his literary works, and I considered this would be useful to determine whether “YouJüTu”and “ChongShanXiouZhuTu” related to Shen Zhou''s house “YouZhuJü”.
For sitting in peace and observing were both important in Shen Zhou''s daily life, in the final part, I made a study of “XieShengCe”, “YieZuoTu” and the related literary works, and I concluded that Shen Zhou interacted with the space around him especially in a special situation. That was when he deeply felt still and silent, everything, especially in the nature, became livelier, and he would have more fun by discovering meanings in it. Taking root Shen Zhou''s mental activities during sitting and observing, I solved a few problems about this two works disputed in past.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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