Patterns of the Almanacs (Ri-Shu)
|Keywords:||數術;出土文獻;Shu-Shu;Excavated Manuscripts||Issue Date:||2010||Abstract:||
The main theme of this paper is Patterns of the Almanacs (Ri-Shu). The research subject include a formula maptaking heavenly stems as coordinate system in “Ri Shu” and patterns composed of lines, symbols and pictures of all types. These materials are picked out from numerous unearthed literatures to construct independent sub themes through summarization and then sequenced according to times for investigation of development and evolution traces.
Chapter one is introduction which describes research motivation, briefly introduces relevant unearthed literature, reviews research status in the past, and presents some opinions related to the compilation.
Chapter two is pattern representing time and space in Ri Shu, which mainly discusses the formula map with coordinate system in which heavenly stems are used to represent time and space in Ri Shu, and then in connection with apparatus formula disk used by Ri Zhe, it believes that original shape of formula disk possibly comes from the formula map mainly composed of hooked rope diagram as its main structure.
Until affected by the theory of canopy heavens in beginning of Western Han period, formula disk has been formally decided that its inner circle and outer square represent round top and square bottom respectively.
Chapter three is picture representing time and space in Ri Shu which is mainly based Rixu, sixty Jiazi and twelve earthly branches. The pictures are divided into five types: pictures in first type are composed of a row of lines; second type is arranged with sixty Jiazi on the pictures; the third one is to fill in time and date information into pictures; the forth one is to calculate the number of circled pictures, fifth type is to label orientation by pictures.
Chapter four is pattern representing time and space in Chu Silk Book. Chu Silk Book should be one legend of times in Jiri episode of Lunheng Book. Its twelve god sculptures are suspected to have relevance with twelve animals mentioned in one large ancient festival for celebrating gods driving away the plague held at the end of year that listed in etiquette session of Hou Han Book, with the purpose of dispelling plague ghosts. According to the habit of arranging maps at that time, Chu Silk Book should take upper north and lower south as its front side, read from characters in middle eight lines firstly, followed by those in thirteen lines and then to characters in lateral sides starting from “Take from beneath” representing the first moon.
Chapter five is conclusion which describes summary of evidences and expectation in future research.
It is hoped that through compilation of this paper, readers can deeply understand implications and origins of patterns in Ri Shu and establishes a systematic research for providing a new perspective or sight with respect to thinking cultures from War Period to Western Han Period.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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