Ａ Study on the Group of Reviewing of Intellectuals in Shu-Han
This study on the Group of Intellectuals Reviewing in Shu-Han has firstly attempted to shed more light on Xu-Jing (許靖), who is normally neglected in former academia. The academic streams mainly concentrate on persona by Liu-Shao (劉卲)，depicting Guo-Tai (郭泰)、Xu-Shao (許劭)。 After Xu-Jing (許靖)and his situation have been clarified, the connection to the governance of Shu-Han relevantly comes to how Pang-Tong (龐統)and Zhu Ge-Liang (諸葛亮)have worked as the Group of Intellectuals Reviewing. This study on the three dominating figures of Shu-Han aims to commence a dialogue with the former academic viewpoints, at the same time to delineate the inner dynamic influence and how the influence refers to the politics among the Three Kingdoms. The study has done researches concerning the intentions, insights, excellence as well as restrictions of Xu-Jing (許靖)、Pang-Tong (龐統)、Zhu Ge-Liang (諸葛亮) . Thus the various aspects of these three important figures’ participation are scrupulously delineated.
The context contains five chapters. The preface is an introduction. Chapter II comes to Xu-Jing (許靖)，how he is different from his brother, Xu-Shao (許劭), in their initiation to review the elites to be written in Yu-Dan-Ping (月旦評). Chapter III focusing on Pang-Tong (龐統)is to investigate the truth behind his endeavors to recommending the intellectuals for official positions in Kingdom Wu located at Yang-tzi River. Chapter IV concentrates on Zhu Ge-Liang (諸葛亮), the most prominent political leader in Shu-Han. Ten officials recruited or resigned by Zhu Ge-Liang (諸葛亮) have been carefully examined to ponder upon what the priorities set to engage an elite to a government position. Consequentially a common ideology strikes out; that is the idealism of continuing the Right Heritage of Confuciusnism. All three have shown such remarkable patriotism for the emperor of Shu-Han. The Emperor, Liu-Bei (劉備), has also conveniently utilized this patriotism very well to engage them to military for uniting the whole kingdom as the one.
The idealism of the Right Heritage not only nourishes the patriotism but also confines their visions and talents. The three outstanding politicians have been restricted to be only puppets manipulated by the Emperor, Liu-Bei (劉備). Pang-Tong (龐統)is an agent of recruitment. Pang-Tong (龐統) is recognized as a strategist. Zhu Ge-Liang (諸葛亮) is reduced as a patriotic prime minister.
The Intellectuals Reviewing system which streams from Easter Han Dynasty down to the Three Kingdom Dynasty has substantially decided the way political powers struggle against each other regarding to establish a wholly united kingdom. The Intellectuals Reviewing Groups are constituted by all the similar historical situations; on the contrary the inner motivation and ideology have been altered so radically through out this period of time.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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