|Title:||DNA Methylation and Histone Modification Regulate Silencing of Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule for Tumor Invasion and Progression||Authors:||Tai, K-Y
|Keywords:||Ep-CAM;invasion;promoter methylation||Issue Date:||2007||Source:||ONCOGENE||Journal Volume:||v.26||Journal Issue:||n.27||Start page/Pages:||3989-3997||Abstract:||
Epithelial cell adhesion molecule ( Ep-CAM) is believed to have a critical role in carcinogenesis and cell proliferation. However, the association of Ep-CAM with cancer invasion and progression is less clear. We found that EpCAM was highly expressed on low-invasive cells compared with highly invasive cells. Forced expression of Ep-CAM decreased cancer invasiveness, and silencing Ep-CAM expression elevated cancer invasiveness . EpCAM expression was associated with promoter methylation. Treatment with a demethylating agent, and/or the histone deacetylase inhibitor reactivated Ep-CAM expression in Ep-CAM-negative cells and inhibited cancer invasiveness. Using a promoter- reporter construct, we demonstrated methylation of the promoter fragment drive Ep-CAM-silenced transcription. Additionally, silenced Ep-CAM gene in cancer cells was enriched for hyper -methylated histone 3 lysine 9. When unmethylated and active, this promoter was associated with acetylated histone 3 lysine 9. Furthermore, we observed an increased association of Ep-CAM promoter with repression components as tumor invasiveness increased. In cancer tissues, Ep-CAM expression significantly correlated with tumor progression and associated with promoter methylation. Our data support the idea that modulation of Ep -CAM plays a pivotal role in tumor invasion and progression. Moreover, aberrant DNA methylation of Ep-CAM is implicated in enhancing invasive/ metastatic proclivity of tumors.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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