|Title:||Regulation of Serca Ca2+ Pump Expression by Cytoplasmic Ca2+ in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells||Authors:||WU, KWAN-DUN||Keywords:||thapsigargin;ionophore A-23187;mRNA;Northern blotting;kinase;ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM||Issue Date:||2001||Journal Volume:||v.280||Journal Issue:||n.4||Start page/Pages:||C843-C851||Source:||AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY CELL PHYSIOLOGY||Abstract:||
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) express three isoforms of the sarcoplasmic or endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase ( SERCA) pump; SERCA2b predominates (91%), whereas SERCA2a (6% ) and SERCA3 (3%) are present in much smaller amounts. Treatment with thapsigargin (Tg) or A-23187 increased the level of mRNA encoding SERCA2b four- to fivefold; SERCA3 increased about 10-fold, whereas SERCA2a was unchanged. Ca2+ chelation prevented the Tg-induced SERCA2b increase, whereas Ca2+ elevation itself increased SERCA2b expression. These responses were discordant with those of 78-kDa glucose -regulated protein/immunoglobulin-binding protein (grp78 /BiP ), an endoplasmic reticulum stress-response protein. SERCA2b mRNA elevation was much larger than could be accounted for by the observed increase in message stability. The induction of SERCA2b by Tg did not require protein synthesis, nor was it affected by inhibitors of calcineurin, protein kinase C, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, or tyrosine protein kinases. Treatment with the nonselective protein kinase inhibitor H-7 prevented Tg-induced SERCA2b expression from occurring, whereas another nonselective inhibitor, staurosporine, was without effect. We conclude that changes in cytosolic Ca2+ control the expression of SERCA2b in VSMC via a mechanism involving a currently uncharacterized, H-7- sensitive but staurosporinein-sensitive, protein kinase.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.