|Title:||Association of Increased Qt Dispersion with Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Aortic Stenosis||Authors:||TSAI, CHANG-HER
|Issue Date:||1998||Journal Volume:||v.66||Journal Issue:||n.3||Start page/Pages:||267-274||Source:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY||Abstract:||
Abstract To evaluate correlates between electrocardiographic QT dispersion and coronary atherosclerosis in patients with aortic stenosis before aortic valve replacement, 39 consecutive patients > 40 years old with symptomatic aortic stenosis and coronary diameter narrowing 3 50% measured by digital angiographic study were included. An additional matched group with insignificant coronary lesions (< 50%) consisted of 39 patients for comparisons. Matching by age, sex heart rate and incidence of chest pain resulted in 2 comparable groups with identical baseline characteristics. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography and electrocardiograms were performed in all subjects. QT dispersion was defined as the difference between maximal and minimal QT interval measurements occurring among any of the 12 leads on a standard electrocardiogram. No subject had fewer than nine measurable leads. There were no significant differences of risk factors of coronary artery disease between the 2 groups. From a conditional multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent predictors of development of coronary artery disease in aortic stenosis were only QTc dispersion (odds ratio = 1.255, P = 0.01). A wide QTc dispersion (3 70 ms) correlated with the presence of angiographically significant coronary artery disease with a sensitivity and specificity of 72% and 79 %. The positive accuracy of having significant coronary artery disease in the presence of QTc dispersion 3 70 ms was 78%. The negative predictive value was 74%. In conclusion, electrocardiographic QTc dispersion may provide important clinical information. A wide QTc dispersion in patients with aortic stenosis is associated with a high incidence of coronary artery disease. These findings warrant further investigation in a large trial.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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