|Title:||Enteral Administration of Glutamine in Purulent Peritonitis||Authors:||FURUKAWA SATOSHI
|Issue Date:||1999||Journal Volume:||v.15||Journal Issue:||n.1||Start page/Pages:||29-31||Source:||NUTRITION||Abstract:||
The intestinal hypomotility associated with purulent peritonitis is generally regarded as a contraindication to enteral nutrition. However, enteral nutrition may be feasible in suppurative peritonitis if administered with great caution, i.e., assuring the appropriate amount, delivery speed, and osmolality of the enteral formulation. Glutamine (Gln) increases muscle protein synthesis and decreases muscle protein degradation in sepsis, regardless of the route of administration. Therefore, administering small amounts of supplemental Gln via the enteral route to peritonitis patients may be beneficial. Two purulent peritonitis patients received L-Gln through a jejunostomy tube. The average amount of supplemental Gln was 16 g/d. Systemic inflammatory responses, i.e., high temperature and a high serum C-reactive protein level, persisted throughout the treatment period. Femoral arterial and venous blood samples were drawn simultaneously for determination of amino acid levels before and after 7 d of Gln supplementation. Enterally administered Gln was well- tolerated by both patients. There was an increase in plasma Gln levels after Gln supplementation. Moreover, the release of Gln, alanine, and phenylalanine from the lower extremities was lower after as compared to before Gln supplementation. Enteral administration of Gln may be feasible even in purulent peritonitis.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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