|dc.description.abstract||Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) had been successfully used in neonatal respiratory failure, but cardiac ECLS has been used increasingly in recent years. The purpose of this study was to review our experience in pediatric patients supported by ECLS for postoperative circulatory failure and to analyze the factors associated with mortality. Between January 1999 and December 2004, 68 pediatric patients (< 18 years old) who received ECLS within 7 days after cardiac surgery at the National Taiwan University Hospital were included in this study. The overall survival rate of this cohort was 32.4%. Age and gender did not affect survival. Patients with separate biventricular physiology had a higher probability of survival than those with systemic-pulmonary shunt or cavopulmonary anastomosis (41.3% vs. 13.6%, p < 0.05). Acute renal failure during ECLS was significantly associated with mortality (83% vs. 33.5%, p < 0.001). After ECLS initiation, the lowest lactate levels on the second to fourth days were lower in survivors than in nonsurvivors (2.4 vs. 3.3 mmol/L, p < 0.05). There was a trend toward a better survival in the most recent 2 years in comparison with the previous 4 years (47.6% vs. 25.5%, p 0.07), although this trend did not reach statistical significance. In conclusion, nonbiventricular physiology, acute renal failure, and high blood lactate levels after ECLS increased the risk of mortality for pediatric patients requiring ECLS for postoperative cardiac support.||en|
|dc.relation||ASAIO Journal 2005(51); 517–521||en|
|dc.relation.ispartof||ASAIO Journal 2005(51); 517–521||-|
|dc.title||Experience with Extracorporeal Life Support in Pediatric Patients after Cardiac Surgery||en|
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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