|Title:||Valveless Outflow Reconstruction Using Autologous Tissue as a Posterior Wall for Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect||Authors:||CHIU, ING-SH
CHEN, SHYH- JYE
|Keywords:||Pulmonary atresia;Ventricular septal defect;Major aortopulmonary collateral arteries;Direct ventriculoarterial connection;Valveless outflow reconstruction;Central shunt||Issue Date:||2001||Journal Volume:||v.100||Journal Issue:||n.3||Start page/Pages:||162-167||Source:||JOURNAL OF THE FORMOSAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION||Abstract:||
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Reoperation is inevitable for some patients with pulmonary atresia who receive a heterograft or homograft in a primary Rastelli operation. Nonetheless, the need for reoperation in patients with classic Fallot's tetralogy who have undergone total correction with a transannular patch is unusual. We sought to change pulmonary atresia into Fallot's tetralogy and used a transannular patch instead of the conventional Rastelli operation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Valveless outflow direct reconstruction was performed on 10 consecutive patients with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect between August 1997 and 1999. Patient ages ranged from 1.3 to 11.5 years. A Blalock-Taussig shunt was previously constructed in four of these patients and a central shunt was constructed in five. The major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were occluded in one patient by repeated coil embolization after the central shunt. The strategy was to connect the right ventriculotomy with the pulmonary arteries directly, even if there was a gap with a long atretic cord. In patients with a previous central shunt covered with a Gore-Tex membrane, the reactive visceral pericardium over the in situ tissue (the left atrium, right ventricle, or aorta) was used as the autologous posterior wall. Thus, only autologous, fresh pericardium without a valve was used to cover the anterior part of the right ventricular outflow tract, as in the repair of classic Fallot's tetralogy with a transannular patch. RESULTS: There was no mortality, and the postoperative central venous pressure was low in all patients. No gradient was noted across the right ventricular outflow tract. Follow-up echocardiography revealed a competent tricuspid valve with mild pulmonary regurgitation in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that valveless outflow direct reconstruction provides adequate pulmonary circulation without hypertension in pulmonary atresia patients with a ventricular septal defect if the tricuspid valve is competent.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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