|Title:||Use of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation to Rescue a Newborn with Early -Onset Group B Streptococcal Sepsis and Cardiopulmonary Failure
|Keywords:||Streptococcal infections;Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation;Infant;Infant newborn;newborn;Persistent fetal circulation syndrome||Issue Date:||2004||Journal Volume:||v.103||Journal Issue:||n.1||Start page/Pages:||67-70||Source:||JOURNAL OF THE FORMOSAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION||Abstract:||
Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. We report the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to rescue a newborn with refractory GBS sepsis and meningitis who developed cardiopulmonary failure. This 2-day-old infant weighed 2640 g and was born to a healthy mother at full term . Respiratory distress, hypotension, and persistent pulmonary hypertension developed on the second day of life. The clinical condition deteriorated rapidly despite conventional treatment, and venoarterial ECMO was established to rescue this moribund newborn. During ECMO, the patient regained stable hemodynamics and good oxygenation, and infection was controlled. ECMO was used for 90 hours and the baby was weaned smoothly. Neurologic assessment after ECMO revealed hydrocephalus, abnormal electroencephalogram, and increased brain auditory evoked potential threshold. This report emphasizes that ECMO may be considered to rescue neonatal patients with cardiopulmonary failure due to GBS sepsis. Possible neurologic complications after ECMO should be carefully monitored
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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