|Title:||Balloon Occlusion and Hypothermic Perfusion of the Renal Artery in Laparoscopic Partial Nephectomy||Authors:||SHEN, HENG-LI
WU, CHEN-HAN WELFRED
|Keywords:||arterial catheterization;balloon occlusion;hypothermia;laparoscopy;nephron function;partial nephrectomy||Issue Date:||2008||Journal Volume:||v.15||Journal Issue:||n.11||Start page/Pages:||967-970||Source:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF UROLOGY||Abstract:||
Objectives: We describe our initial experience with renal arterial catheterization for temporary balloon occlusion of renal artery and hypothermic perfusion during laparoscopic partial nephectomy and compare the preoperative and postoperative nephron function. Methods: Fifteen patients received laparoscopic partial nephrectomy from September 2005 to December 2006. During the operations, the balloons of the arterial catheters were filled with distilled water to achieve pedicle control. Chilled Ringers lactate was continuously infused into the catheters for renal hypothermia. Postoperative Tc-99m diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) renal scintigraphies were carried out to estimate differential renal function. The volumes of the renal tumors, tumor-bearing and contralateral kidneys from CT scans were measured using commercial software. Estimated creatinine clearance was calculated with Cockroft Gault formula. Results: All procedures were successfully completed. Mean tumor size was 18.4 mL (range 2.14 to 59.0). Estimated mean intraoperative blood loss was 287 mL (range minimal to 1200). Mean estimated creatinine clearance per unit volume of functional renal parenchyma did not change statistically after the operation. Multiple regression analysis revealed that ischemic time was a significant variable which correlated with the value of lost total estimated creatinine clearance of the tumor bearing kidney. Conclusions: The initial experience shows that renal arterial catheterization for temporary balloon occlusion and hypothermic perfusion of the renal artery in laparoscopic partial nephectomy is safe, feasible and effective. The postoperative kidney function measured by mean estimated creatinine clearance per unit of functional renal volume was similar to the preoperative measurement.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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