|Title:||Immunogenicity and Safety of an Inactivated Hepatitis a Vaccine in Taiwanese Adults and Children||Authors:||LEE, CHIN-YUN
|Issue Date:||2000||Journal Volume:||v.31||Journal Issue:||n.1||Start page/Pages:||29-36||Source:||SOUTHEAST ASIAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH||Abstract:||
The safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated hepatitis A vaccine ( AVAXIM, 160 antigen units) was evaluated in 190 subjects: 50 children aged from 2 to 5 years, 70 children aged from 6 to 17 years and 70 adults aged from 18 to 30 years in a monocentric, open, non-controlled, phase III trial conducted in Taipei, Taiwan from December 1996 to October 1997. The vaccine was administered intramuscularly, with a two-dose schedule 6 months apart. Clinical adverse events were monitored during the seven days following each injection. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibody titers were measured by modified radioimmunoassay on the day of inclusion and four weeks after both the first dose and booster injection. Among the 190 subjects who received the first dose, 174 (91.6%) were initially HAV seronegative and 16 (8.4%) were HAV seropositive at inclusion. One hundred and seventy-four subjects (91.6%) received the booster dose and completed the study. One month after the first dose, all the subjects, whatever the age, presented HAV antibody titers over 20 mIU/ml. In children (2 to 17 years), the GMT was 136 mIU/ml at week 4 and 7,906 mIU/ml four weeks after the booster dose. In adults (> or = 18 years), GMT values were 93 mIU/ml at week 4 and 3,655 mIU/ml four weeks after the booster. These results show a strong anamnestic response to the second dose of vaccine and are compatible with long- term antibody persistence in each age group. The vaccine was safe and well tolerated. No vaccine-related serious adverse event occurred. No immediate reaction occurred. The majority of the reactions were reported by adults after the primary injection. Local reactions (pain and redness) were reported by 9.0% and 4.0% of the subjects after the primary and the booster doses, respectively. Systemic reactions ( mainly myalgia/arthralgia or asthenia) affected less than 10 % of the subjects after the first dose and less than 3% after the booster. Results from this study in a Taiwanese population are consistent with those obtained with the same vaccine in previous European studies in children and adults, and suggest that AVAXIM (160 AU) is suitable for use in all subjects aged over 2 years.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.