|Title:||Viremia Profiles in Children with Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Spontaneous E Antigen Seroconversion||Authors:||NI, YEN-HSUAN
CHEN, PEI -JER
|Keywords:||NATURAL-HISTORY;HEPATOCELLULAR-CARCINOMA;CORE PROMOTER;GENOTYPE;MUTANTS;UPDATE||Issue Date:||2007||Journal Volume:||v.132||Journal Issue:||n.7||Start page/Pages:||2340-2345||Source:||GASTROENTEROLOGY||Abstract:||
Background & Aims: This study investigated the viremia profiles in children with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and spontaneous heptitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion. Methods: Fifty-eight children with chronic HBV infection met the following criteria: normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level at enrollment, followed up for more than 10 years, no antiviral treatment, and having under -gone spontaneous HBeAg seroconversion during fol-low-up evaluation. They were grouped according to the post-HBeAg seroconversion HBV-DNA levels: (1) low viremia: transient or never 10 4 copies/mL or greater (n=35) (2) fluctuating high viremia: 104 copies/mL or greater at least twice at intrervals more than 1 year apart (n=23). Abdominal sonography, ALT, and HBV-DNA levels were assessed annually. Another 14 nonseroconverted children served as controls . The precore mutant (nt1896) and genotypes were examined. Results: The initial HBV-DNA level of the 58 serovonverters was 108.4±1.0 copies/mL and decreased to 102.9±2.0 copies/ mL at the end of fol-low-up period. Their mean ages at enrollment, at peak HBV-DNA, at peak ALT, at HBeAg serovonversion, and at final follow-up were 7.0±3.7, 13.4±5.8, 16.3±6.0 , 17.2±5.8, and 23.7±4.1 years, respedtively. The precore mutant appeared more often in the fluctuating- high-viremia group than in the low -viremia group (60.9% vs 22.9%, p=0.004). HBV genotypes had no effect on the viremia profiles. AfterHBeAg seroconverters had decreased viral loads, normal ALT levels, and uneventful coruses after HBeAg seroconversion. A longer follow-up period is necessary to elucidate the significance of HBeAg seroconversion occurring in childhood and young adulthood.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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