|Title:||Helicobacter Pylori Acquisition in Infancy after Decline of Maternal Passive Immunity||Authors:||HUANG, LI-MIN
|Issue Date:||1997||Journal Volume:||v.41||Journal Issue:||n.5||Start page/Pages:||641-646||Source:||PEDIATRIC RESEARCH||Abstract:||
We evaluated the natural history of Helicobacter pylori infection and the host immune response in 80 infants, and determined seroprevalence ofH. pylori infection in their Taiwanese mothers. Decline in passively transferred maternal anti-H. pylori IgG antibodies and subsequentH. pylori infection was assessed in infants over 14 mo. A sensitive and specific, 96-well microtiter ELISA for the detection of H. pylori IgG antibodies was used to evaluate maternal serum (single specimen) and their infants ( birth, 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 14 mo). Sera were also evaluated by ELISA for the presence of anti-H. pylori IgM antibodies in the infants. Maternal H. pylori IgG seroprevalence was 62.5% [50/80; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 51-73%]. All infants born to the 50 seropositive mothers passively acquired maternal H. pylori IgG. Transplacentally transferred maternal anti-H. pylori IgG lasted until about the 3rd mo of life, and disappeared in nearly all the infants by 6 mo of age. Seven and one-half percent of infants (6/80; 95% CI, 3-16%) acquired H. pylori infection; two were born to H. pylori- negative mothers. Among the six IgG seropositive infants, an IgM response specific for H. pylori antigens was detected and appeared to precede the rise in IgG in five. We conclude that maternal passive transfer of IgG antibodies occurs in the infant and disappears by 6 mo of age. H. pylori infection is acquired in infancy in this population; IgM antibodies against H. pylori are detectable, seem short- lived, and appear to precede IgG antibody development.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.