|Title:||Cytomegalovirus Infection and Proinflammatory Cytokine Activation Modulate the Surface Immune Determinant Expression and Immunogenicity of Cultured Murine Extrahepatic Bile Duct Epithelial Cells||Authors:||HSU, HONG-YUAN
NI, YEN- HSUAN
|Keywords:||murine extrahepatic;biliary epithelial cell;cytomegalovirus proliferation cytotoxicity;MHC antigens;PRIMARY SCLEROSING CHOLANGITIS;BILIARY ATRESIA||Issue Date:||2001||Journal Volume:||v.126||Journal Issue:||n.1||Start page/Pages:||84-91||Source:||CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY||Abstract:||
Murine extrahepatic bile duct epithelial cells (MEBEC) were isolated from extrahepatic bile ducts of BALB/c mice and established in primary culture. The epithelial origin was confirmed by positive cytokeratin 19 staining for these cells and the presence of microvilli and tight junctions under electron microscopy. By immunofluorescent staining with monoclonal antibodies and flow-cytometric analysis, MEBEC in culture constitutively express low levels of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, class I and class II major histocompatibility (MHC) antigens. The expression of ICAM-1 was significantly increased by interferon gamma (INF-gamma) or tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulation. Class I and class II antigen expression were significantly enhanced by INF-gamma and in vitro murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection. MEBEC infected with MCMV revealed a progressive cytopathic effect. MEBEC activated by INF-gamma or infected by MCMV induced a low but significant proliferation of allogeneic T cells and displayed a significant decrease in the absorbance at O.D. 550 nm in a microtitre tetrazolium assay after these treated cells were co-cultured with allogeneic T cells. These results suggest that following the up-regulation of surface MHC antigen and adhesion molecule expression with cytokines or MCMV, the MEBEC can function as antigen-presenting cells and initiate T-cell proliferation, which in turn trigger the recognition of MEBEC by effector T-cell-mediated cytotoxic responses. These findings may be implicated in the pathogenesis of virally induced, immune-mediated extrahepatic bile duct damage disorders.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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