|Title:||Clinical Characteristics and Management of Acute Suppurative Thyroiditis in Children
|Keywords:||acute suppurative thyroiditis;pyriform sinus fistula;amoxicillin-clavulanate||Issue Date:||2002||Journal Volume:||v.101||Journal Issue:||n.7||Start page/Pages:||468-471||Source:||JOURNAL OF THE FORMOSAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION||Abstract:||
Background: Acute suppurative thyroiditis is an uncommon disease in children. This paper describes the clinical characteristics and management of children with acute suppurative thyroiditis treated during a 15-year period at National Taiwan University Hospital. Patients and Methods: From 1985 to 2000, acute suppurative thyroiditis was diagnosed in 11 previously healthy children(6 boys, 5 girls) at the Department of Pediatrics. Their mean age at diagnosis was 6.4±4.4 years. Leukocyte count, acute-phase reactants, thyroid function, and thyroid autoantibodies were assessed. Samples were taken by thyroid needle aspiration for cytology study and pus culture. Underlying pyriform sinus fistula (PSF) was demonstrated by barium esophagogram. Results: Leukocytosis was noted in six cases (55%) and acute-phase reactants were elevated in eight cases (73%). Neither thyroid autoantibodies nor thyroid dysfunction was detected in any of the patients. Barium esophagogram detected PSF in eight of 10 patients examined. Five (45%) patients had recurrent suppurative thyroiditis before surgery. Cytology and pus cultures were available for 10 patients. Polymorphonuclear cells were the main findings in the smear from thyroid aspirates. Twenty-two organisms were isolated from six patients (65%). Streptococcus species (45% ) and anaerobic organisms (41%) were the most common pathogens isolated. Mixed infection was detected in five of six children who had a causative microorganism identified. The microorganisms were all sensitive to amoxicillin- clavulanate. microorganisms were all sensitive to amoxicillin-clavulanate
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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