|Title:||Defective Functions of Circulating Cd4+Cd25+ and Cd4+Cd25- T Cells in Patients with Chronic Ordinary Urticaria||Authors:||CHEN, WU-CHARNG
LIU, HSING-JIN EUGENE
|Keywords:||chronic ordinary urticaria;CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells;FOXP3;suppressive function;CD4+CD25- T cells;cytokines||Issue Date:||2008||Journal Volume:||v.51||Journal Issue:||n.2||Start page/Pages:||121-130||Source:||JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGICAL SCIENCE||Abstract:||
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic ordinary urticaria (CU) are divided into two groups: 30-50% have chronic autoimmune urticaria, and the remainder have chronic idiopathic urticaria. CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T ( Treg) cells play critical roles in maintaining peripheral tolerance and preventing autoimmunity, but the characteristics of Treg cells have not yet been defined in CU. OBJECTIVE: To identify whether CD4(+) T cells play an important immunoregulatory role in the etiology of CU, we determined the frequencies and functions of circulating CD4(+)CD25(+) and CD4(+)CD25( -) T cells in CU patients and healthy control subjects, with special focus on the characteristics of CD4( +)CD25(+) T cells. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from CU and healthy controls in this study. The frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells in PBMCs was detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of forkhead box P3 (FOXP 3) and transforming growth factor-beta( TGF-beta) in CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells were detected by real- time PCR. Furthermore, the suppressive function of CD4(+)CD 25(+) T cells was analyzed. Additionally, the Th1/Th2 cytokine secretory profile in mitogen-stimulated CD4(+)CD25( -) T cells was measured by ELISA. RESULTS: An increased frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells was observed in CU patients (n=19) compared to control subjects (n=7 ). No significant difference was detected in the expression levels of FOXP 3 or TGF-beta between CU patients (n=14) and control subjects (n=7). Strikingly, the suppressive capacity of CD4 (+)CD25(+) Treg cells from 2 of 5 CU patients was partially defective. We also found that cytokine production from CD4(+ )CD25(-) T cells was significantly reduced in CU patients (n =9) compared to healthy donors (n=11). CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that CD4(+)CD25(+) and CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells in PBMCs exhibit defective functions in CU patients.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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