|Title:||明清以來〈拾畫〉〈叫畫〉折子戲文本及其演出之探討 = From Texts to Performance: "Shihua" and "Jiaohua" of the Zhezi Plays since the Ming-Qing Dynasties||Authors:||李惠綿||Keywords:||湯顯祖;牡丹亭;拾畫;叫畫;玩真;折子戲;Tang Xianzu;Mudan ting;Shihua;Jiaohua;Wanzhen;Zhezi plays||Issue Date:||Dec-2008||Journal Issue:||29||Start page/Pages:||221-268||Source:||臺大中文學報||Abstract:||
The “Shihua” 拾畫and “Jiaohua” 叫畫in the Kun opera Mudan ting牡丹亭are both regarded as independent zhezi (opera-drama sketches) 折子plays. The two plays are not only graceful and exquisite but also belong to highly difficult jinsheng巾生 (scholar) plays. This paper will first compare the differences between the original and adapted versions of “Shihua” and “Wanzhen” 玩真. Secondly, the author observes the transformative process of stage performance by exploring selected Northern operas and Southern plays, texts for stage performance, and shenduan pu身段譜 (notes of body language) in Ming and Qing dynasties. In addition, the differences of gongchi pu工尺譜 (music scores) will be examined in order to shed light on the internal meanings of the scores composed by Qing musical artists. Finally, the paper will analyze the differences among the stage performances on “Shihua” and “Wanzhen” by modern actors/actresses, including Yu Zhenfei俞振飛(1902-1993), Zhou Chuanying周傳瑛 (1912-1988), Wang Shiyu汪世瑜(1941-), Yue Meiti兵美緹(1941-), and Shih Xiaomei石小梅(1949-). In view of the conspicuous lack of discussion on “Shihua” and “Jiaohua” in current studies of Tang Xianzu’s Mudan ting, the paper, by way of examining “Shihua” and “Jiaohua, ” will make a special contribution to our understanding of the historical process through which zhezi plays in the Kun opera had consolidated from original texts.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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