A Study on the Four Rhyme and Syllable Defects
|Keywords:||八病、韻紐四病、歷史音韻、詩病(the eight defects, the four rhyme and syllable defects, historical phonology, poetic defects）||Issue Date:||Jun-2016||Start page/Pages:||001-042||Source:||臺大中文學報||Abstract:||
Among the “theory of the eight defects” proposed by Shen Yue and Wang Rong in the Qi and the Liang dynasties, the “four rhyme and syllable defects” are less discussed because the majority of contemporary researchers deem that they are too strict in definition to avoid in practice and are therefore valueless. This is actually a biased evaluation which results from a misinterpretation of the theory. The present study considers that the neighbor-syllable (傍紐) defect in the theory actually refers to avoiding characters of the same consonant and vowel within ten continuous characters, and the minor-rhyme (小韻) defect means to prevent homophonous characters between two continuous sentences. The four types of defects should be avoided because multiple characters of similar phonetic sounds arranged closely in a literary work would make it difficult to pronounce and identify the words. Examining the phonological phenomena in available literature, the neighbor-syllable defect has already been raised as early as around the end of the Han dynasty, far prior to Shen Yue and his followers.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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