|Title:||Open Pulled Straws for Vitrification of Mature Mouse Oocytes Preserve Patterns of Meiotic Spindles and Chromosomes Better Than Conventional Straws||Authors:||CHEN, SHEE-UAN
|Keywords:||conventional straws;meiotic spindle;oocyte vitrification;open pulled straws;EMBRYONIC-DEVELOPMENT;BOVINE OOCYTES||Issue Date:||2000||Journal Volume:||v.15||Journal Issue:||n.12||Start page/Pages:||2598-2603||Source:||HUMAN REPRODUCTION||Abstract:||
Vitrification of oocytes has been applied recently for humans, but remains elusive. The microtubules of oocytes are vulnerable to cryoprotectants and thermal changes. Using mouse oocytes, the effects of vitrification in open pulled straws (OPS) were investigated on survival, the meiotic spindle, and chromosomes and compared with conventional straws . Mature oocytes were allocated to four groups for exposure to cryoprotectants, vitrification in conventional straws, or vitrification in OPS. They were diluted in stepwise sucrose solutions. Oocytes without treatments mere used as controls. The surviving oocytes were stained for meiotic spindles and chromosomes, After dilution, all of the oocytes exposed to cryoprotectants survived. Vitrification sometimes resulted in lysis so that survival using OPS (62%) was significantly (P < 0.05) smaller than that using conventional straws (81%). Oocytes exposed to cryoprotectants or vitrified exhibited serious disturbances of microtubules immediately post-dilution, After 1 h incubation, the microtubules could repolymerize so that the OPS group had significantly (P < 0.05) more normal spindles( 78%) than did the conventional straw group (21%). The former also tended to have more compact chromosomes (87%) than did the latter (78%). OPS for vitrification of oocytes achieve more rapid cooling, warming, and dilution and so reduce spindle injury. However, the lower survival rate in OPS needs improvement.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.