|Title:||Prevalence of Anisometropia in Taiwanese Schoolchildren
HSIAO, CHUHSING K.
LIN, LUKE LONG-KUANG
|Keywords:||anisometropia;myopia;prevalence;近視;不等視||Issue Date:||2005||Journal Volume:||v.104||Journal Issue:||n.6||Start page/Pages:||412-417||Source:||JOURNAL OF THE FORMOSAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION||Abstract:||
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study investigated the prevalence and distribution of anisometropia in Taiwanese schoolchildren using nationwide data from refractive surveys performed in 1995 and 2000. METHODS: Complete survey data was obtained for 11,175 students in 1995 and 10,878 students in 2000. The refractive status of each student was measured using an autorefractometer under cycloplegia and rechecked with retinoscopy. The difference in refractive status between each participant's eyes was determined. Chi-squared statistic was used to assess the difference between the 2 surveys. Multiple linear regression was used to determine the trend and effects of covariates. RESULTS: Most of the schoolchildren ( 77.6% in 1995, 71.9% in 2000) were not anisometropic. Most of the anisometropic differences were in the range 0.5 to 1.0 D (14.1% in 1995 vs 17.9% in 2000). About 6% of schoolchildren in 1995 and 7.0% in 2000 had anisometropic differences in the range from -1.0 to -2.0 D. Fewer than 4% of students had a level of anisometropia greater than 2.0 D (2.7% vs 3.2%, respectively). The prevalence of anisometropia and the extent of anisometropic difference both increased with age and with maximal myopic refraction (both p < 0.0001). Both the prevalence and extent of anisometropia showed significant differences between the 2 surveys (both p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Most of the Taiwanese schoolchildren surveyed were non-anisometropic. The prevalence and amount of anisometropia were significantly increased from 1995 to 2000. The mechanisms responsible for these increases have not been determined, but may be related to increase of myopic refraction.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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