|Title:||A Novel Self-Expanding Nitinol Stent in Medically Refractory Intracranial Atherosclerotic Stenoses: The Wingspan Study||Authors:||Bose, A.
Liu, H. M.
Teng, M. M.H.
Yu, S. C.H.
Sit, S. P.
|Keywords:||atherosclerosis;medical therapy;nitinol stent;stenosis||Issue Date:||2007||Journal Volume:||v.38||Journal Issue:||n.5||Start page/Pages:||1531-1537||Source:||STROKE||Abstract:||
Background and Purpose-: The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and performance of the Wingspan stent system and Gateway percutaneous transluminal angioplasty balloon catheter in the treatment of high-grade, intracranial atherosclerotic lesions in patients who had failed medical therapy. Methods-: In this prospective, multicenter, single -arm study, medically refractory patients with a modified Rankin score <=3 and recurrent symptoms attributable to angiographically demonstrated intracranial stenosis >=50% in a vessel 2.5 to 4.5 mm in diameter were enrolled. Intracranial lesions were predilated with an undersized Gateway balloon catheter to 80% of the native vessel diameter, followed by deployment of the self- expanding Wingspan stent to facilitate further remodeling of the atherosclerotic plaque and to maintain vessel patency. Neurologic examinations and angiograms were performed at 6 months after the procedure. Results-: Among the 45 patients enrolled, the degree of stenosis was reduced from a baseline of 74.9+/-9.8% to 31.9+/-13.6% after stenting and 28+/-23.2 % at the 6-month follow-up. The 30-day composite ipsilateral stroke/death rate was 4.5% (2/44); at the 6-month follow-up , the ipsilateral stroke/death rate was 7.0%, the rate for all strokes was 9 .7%, and all-cause mortality was 2.3%. Physician-reported follow-up in 43 patients (average of 13 months) conducted outside the study protocol (not adjudicated by the clinical event committee) reported 1 additional ipsilateral stroke. Conclusions-: In medically refractory patients with high-grade intracranial atherosclerotic stenoses, a new treatment paradigm involving predilation with an undersized Gateway percutaneous transluminal angioplasty balloon catheter and placement of a self- expanding Wingspan stent system appears to be safe, may facilitate remodeling, and may contribute to favorable angiographic outcomes.(C) 2007 American Heart Association, Inc.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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