|Title:||Extremely High Incidence of Macrolide- and Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole- Resistant Clinical Isolates of Streptococcus Pneumoniae in Taiwan||Authors:||HSUEH, PO-REN
|Keywords:||ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE;PNEUMOCOCCI;SPECTRUM;INFECTIONS||Issue Date:||1999||Journal Volume:||v.37||Journal Issue:||n.4||Start page/Pages:||897-901||Source:||JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY||Abstract:||
From January 1996 to December 1997, 200 isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae recovered from 200 patients treated at National Taiwan University Hospital were serotyped and their susceptibilities to 16 antimicrobial agents were determined by the agar dilution method. Sixty- one percent of the isolates were nonsusceptible to penicillin, exhibiting either intermediate resistance (28%) or high-level resistance (33%). About two-fifths of the isolates displayed intermediate or high-level resistance to cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, cefepime, imipenem, and meropenem. Extremely high proportions of the isolates were resistant to erythromycin (82%), clarithromycin (90%), and trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) (87%), Among the isolates nonsusceptible to penicillin, 23.8% were resistant to imipenem; more than 60% displayed resistance to cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, cefepime, and carbapenems; 96.7% were resistant to erythromycin; and 100% were resistant to TMP-SMZ. All isolates were susceptible to rifampin and vancomycin. The MICs at which 50% and 90% of the isolates were inhibited were 0.12 and 1 mu g/ml, respectively, for cefpirome, and 0. 12 and 0.25 mu g/ml, respectively, for moxifloxacin. Six serogroups or serotypes (23F, 19F, 6B, 14, 3, and 9) accounted for 77.5% of all isolates. Overall, 92.5% of the isolates were included in the serogroups or serotypes represented in the 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine. The incidence of macrolide and TMP-SMZ resistance for S. pneumoniae isolates in Taiwan in this study is among the highest in the world published to date.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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