The Architectural Cultures of the Northern/Southern Ancient China on the Structure of Taiwanese Traditional Architecture
|Authors:||黃蘭翔||Keywords:||墻倒屋不倒;內木構外土墻結構;帷幕墻;夯土技術;古代中國建築;臺灣建築;The Falling Down Wall Without the Collapsibility of the House;the Interior Wooden Frame and Exterior Mud Wall;Curtain Wall;the Techniques of Compacted Layer Clay Mud;Ancient Chinese Architecture;Taiwanese Traditional Architecture||Issue Date:||Sep-2007||Start page/Pages:||137-198||Source:||美術史研究集刊||Abstract:||
The subject is the wall, which is composed of wooden frame interiorly and loadbearing mud wall stand side by side exteriorly. The load-bearing mud wall is thought originated from the northern China on the one hand and the wooden frame is from the southern China on the other hand.
The wall was piled with mud and wooden rib in the northern ancient China. Afterwards, the walls were piled with the compacted layer clay mud or laid with sundried brick for a period of time. Then, just as the masterpieces or the main hall of residences, religious buildings, palaces etc. show that the wooden columns are erected at the center of the wall is a relic of the ancient structure, mud wall with wooden rib, in the North. On the other hand, although the most of the Chinese traditional buildings in existence of the southern China have the wall composed of wooden frame and load-bearing mud wall nowadays. Actually, almost all the buildings were built with pure wooden structure, which even were belonged to the pile-dwelling building type in the southern ancient China. Through the Chinese history, the Hans escaped the invader from the north of China
during the history and immigrated to the south of the Chang-Jiang River. Therefore, the northern culture or the mud architectural culture of Hans was prevailed among the southern China. That is to say the southern architecture included Taiwanese traditional buildings with the wall composed of wooden frame and load-bearing mud wall are resulted from the transformation of the original pure wooden structure under the northern culture of Hans.
|Appears in Collections:||藝術史研究所|
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