Historic Southeast Asian Ceramics Preserved in Taiwan: A Discussion Beginning from the Evidence of Several Early Photographs
|關鍵字:||十七世紀;福爾摩沙;熱蘭遮城;泰國Singburi窯;泰國Sisatchanalai窯;越南青瓷;Seventeenth century;Formosa;Fort Zeelandia;Thai Singburi wares;Thai Sisatchanalai wares;Vietnamese celadon||公開日期:||三月-2007||期刊:||美術史研究集刊||頁數:||001-050||摘要:||本文主要是考察臺南熱蘭遮城等遺址所見泰國和越南陶瓷。經由國外陸地考古遺址出土標本或沈船打撈資料，以及學界對於東南亞窯址的調查成果，可以確認熱蘭遮城遺址出土的泰國四繫罐標本包括有十七世紀泰國中部Singburi窯系製品。至於遺址出土的越南高瓶殘片則應是來自越南中部一帶窯場所燒製。另外，一幅拍攝於1920-30年代的排灣族頭目照片中所見施釉罐亦屬十六世紀後期至十七世紀初期的泰國陶瓷。結合文獻記載，本文認為，澎湖風櫃尾採集或臺南熱蘭遮城遺址出土的泰國四繫罐極有可能是由荷蘭人所攜來，不過流傳於臺灣民間的十七世紀同式罐，則除了荷蘭人之外，也有可能是由鄭氏集團或日本朱印船海商之手帶入的。另一方面，本文還確認了以往所公佈的澎湖採集或臺灣海峽打撈上岸的陶瓷當中也包括有越南和泰國陶瓷。其年代有的可早自十四世紀至十五世紀，此為探討此時日本和東南亞貿易交往時的行經路線，提供有趣的線索。
The principle aim of the present essay is to examine the Thai and Vietnamese ceramics recovered from Fort Zeelandia and other sites in Tainan. On the basis of samples unearthed at overseas archaeological sites and materials raised from undersea wrecks, as well as the results of scholarly surveys of Southeast Asian kilns, it can be confirmed that the samples of Thai jars with four lug handles uncovered at the Fort Zeelandia site include seventeenth century products of the Singburi kilns in central Thailand. It is also apparent that the shards of the tall Vietnamese vases were produced at kilns in central Vietnam. Another observation is that the glazed jar seen in the photo of a Paiwan aboriginal chief taken in the 1920s or 30s is a Thai piece dating to the late sixteenth or early seventeenth century. When this material evidence is examined alongside textual records, it appears quite possible that the four-lugged Thai jars gathered at Feng-kueiwei in P’eng-hu and excavated at Fort Zeelandia in Tainan were brought to region by the Dutch. However, in the case the seventeenth century jar of the same style handed down over generations by the local population of Taiwan, it is possible that it was not transported by the Dutch, but rather by the forces of Cheng Ch’eng-kung (Koxinga) or the Red Seal merchant marines of Japan. Finally, the present essay confirms that the various ceramics that have been gathered in P’eng-hu or raised from the bottom of the Taiwan Strait include both Vietnamese and Thai wares. Some of these wares can be dated to as early as the fourteenth to fifteenth centuries. This observation offers an interesting clue for the study of trade routes between Japan and Southeast Asia.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。